Methods

Instance Public methods

bigserial(*names, **options)

# File activerecord/lib/active_record/connection_adapters/postgresql/schema_definitions.rb, line 57
        

bit(*names, **options)

# File activerecord/lib/active_record/connection_adapters/postgresql/schema_definitions.rb, line 61
        

bit_varying(*names, **options)

# File activerecord/lib/active_record/connection_adapters/postgresql/schema_definitions.rb, line 65
        

box(*names, **options)

# File activerecord/lib/active_record/connection_adapters/postgresql/schema_definitions.rb, line 137
        

cidr(*names, **options)

# File activerecord/lib/active_record/connection_adapters/postgresql/schema_definitions.rb, line 69
        

circle(*names, **options)

# File activerecord/lib/active_record/connection_adapters/postgresql/schema_definitions.rb, line 149
        

citext(*names, **options)

# File activerecord/lib/active_record/connection_adapters/postgresql/schema_definitions.rb, line 73
        

daterange(*names, **options)

# File activerecord/lib/active_record/connection_adapters/postgresql/schema_definitions.rb, line 77
        

hstore(*names, **options)

# File activerecord/lib/active_record/connection_adapters/postgresql/schema_definitions.rb, line 81
        

inet(*names, **options)

# File activerecord/lib/active_record/connection_adapters/postgresql/schema_definitions.rb, line 85
        

int4range(*names, **options)

# File activerecord/lib/active_record/connection_adapters/postgresql/schema_definitions.rb, line 93
        

int8range(*names, **options)

# File activerecord/lib/active_record/connection_adapters/postgresql/schema_definitions.rb, line 97
        

interval(*names, **options)

# File activerecord/lib/active_record/connection_adapters/postgresql/schema_definitions.rb, line 89
        

jsonb(*names, **options)

# File activerecord/lib/active_record/connection_adapters/postgresql/schema_definitions.rb, line 101
        

line(*names, **options)

# File activerecord/lib/active_record/connection_adapters/postgresql/schema_definitions.rb, line 129
        

lseg(*names, **options)

# File activerecord/lib/active_record/connection_adapters/postgresql/schema_definitions.rb, line 133
        

ltree(*names, **options)

# File activerecord/lib/active_record/connection_adapters/postgresql/schema_definitions.rb, line 105
        

macaddr(*names, **options)

# File activerecord/lib/active_record/connection_adapters/postgresql/schema_definitions.rb, line 109
        

money(*names, **options)

# File activerecord/lib/active_record/connection_adapters/postgresql/schema_definitions.rb, line 113
        

numrange(*names, **options)

# File activerecord/lib/active_record/connection_adapters/postgresql/schema_definitions.rb, line 117
        

oid(*names, **options)

# File activerecord/lib/active_record/connection_adapters/postgresql/schema_definitions.rb, line 121
        

path(*names, **options)

# File activerecord/lib/active_record/connection_adapters/postgresql/schema_definitions.rb, line 141
        

point(*names, **options)

# File activerecord/lib/active_record/connection_adapters/postgresql/schema_definitions.rb, line 125
        

polygon(*names, **options)

# File activerecord/lib/active_record/connection_adapters/postgresql/schema_definitions.rb, line 145
        

primary_key(name, type = :primary_key, **options)

Defines the primary key field. Use of the native PostgreSQL UUID type is supported, and can be used by defining your tables as such:

create_table :stuffs, id: :uuid do |t|
  t.string :content
  t.timestamps
end

By default, this will use the gen_random_uuid() function from the pgcrypto extension. As that extension is only available in PostgreSQL 9.4+, for earlier versions an explicit default can be set to use uuid_generate_v4() from the uuid-ossp extension instead:

create_table :stuffs, id: false do |t|
  t.primary_key :id, :uuid, default: "uuid_generate_v4()"
  t.uuid :foo_id
  t.timestamps
end

To enable the appropriate extension, which is a requirement, use the enable_extension method in your migrations.

To use a UUID primary key without any of the extensions, set the :default option to nil:

create_table :stuffs, id: false do |t|
  t.primary_key :id, :uuid, default: nil
  t.uuid :foo_id
  t.timestamps
end

You may also pass a custom stored procedure that returns a UUID or use a different UUID generation function from another library.

Note that setting the UUID primary key default value to nil will require you to assure that you always provide a UUID value before saving a record (as primary keys cannot be nil). This might be done via the SecureRandom.uuid method and a before_save callback, for instance.

# File activerecord/lib/active_record/connection_adapters/postgresql/schema_definitions.rb, line 48
def primary_key(name, type = :primary_key, **options)
  if type == :uuid
    options[:default] = options.fetch(:default, "gen_random_uuid()")
  end

  super
end

serial(*names, **options)

# File activerecord/lib/active_record/connection_adapters/postgresql/schema_definitions.rb, line 153
        

tsrange(*names, **options)

# File activerecord/lib/active_record/connection_adapters/postgresql/schema_definitions.rb, line 157
        

tstzrange(*names, **options)

# File activerecord/lib/active_record/connection_adapters/postgresql/schema_definitions.rb, line 161
        

tsvector(*names, **options)

# File activerecord/lib/active_record/connection_adapters/postgresql/schema_definitions.rb, line 165
        

uuid(*names, **options)

# File activerecord/lib/active_record/connection_adapters/postgresql/schema_definitions.rb, line 169
        

xml(*names, **options)

# File activerecord/lib/active_record/connection_adapters/postgresql/schema_definitions.rb, line 176
included do
  define_column_methods :bigserial, :bit, :bit_varying, :cidr, :citext, :daterange,
    :hstore, :inet, :interval, :int4range, :int8range, :jsonb, :ltree, :macaddr,
    :money, :numrange, :oid, :point, :line, :lseg, :box, :path, :polygon, :circle,
    :serial, :tsrange, :tstzrange, :tsvector, :uuid, :xml, :timestamptz
end